York University Cave and Pothole Club

Explorations in the Picos de Europa

View over the Cares Gorge from Vega Huerta (Photo: Dave Milne)



Expedition Summaries
1984    1987    1990
1985    1988    1991
1986    1989    1994

Pozo de Cuetalbo (M2)
Pozo de Llastrale (β3)
Sima de Cotalbin (K903) Thesaurus Fragilis (M921)

Survey Galleries

Image Galleries

Camping in β3, 1990

Caving Clubs
Caving in the Picos



Geology    Western Massif    Speleogenesis

The Geology of Vega Huerta

All the limestones of the Frontal Nappe Unit are potentially cavernous although the Vega Huerta-Carbanal Series which has a significant shale content, contains only collapsed shafts at the surface with no negotiable entrances found to date. Erosion of this formation has produced 'windows' into the underlying Picos de Europa Limestone Formation within which the caves I8 and I34 are developed.

Several major post-Variscan faults cut the Frontal Nappe Unit. These trend east-west and southeast-northwest and three come together just to the south of the entrance of M2. There are also many less persistent fractures, but which are clearly important controls on cave development.

Geology    Western Massif    Speleogenesis


Article from BCRA Cave Science Vol. 14 (YUCPC) Geology and speleogenesis of the M2 Cave System, Western Massif, Picos de Europa, Northern Spain, Kevin J Senior (YUCPC), Cave Science, 1987, 14, 3, 93-104, in English. PDF (5MB)

WebAuthor: D.Milne[at]Tesco.Net